Welcome to your comprehensive guide! Here, you’ll discover the marvels of France and Spain. Uncover the beauty of France’s iconic landmarks and Spain’s stunning beaches. If you’re still wondering which destination is a perfect match for you, you’re in the right place. Read on to unveil the secrets of these two fantastic European countries!
History & Culture
Your journey begins by diving into the deep roots of France and Spain. You’ll be amazed by how their history and culture shape the uniqueness of each country. Let’s explore!
France’s history is a tapestry of royal dynasties, artistic movements, and revolutionary ideals. Your heart will race when you learn about the rise and fall of kings and the birth of democracy. The French culture, on the other hand, reflects an appreciation for refinement, from high fashion to gourmet cuisine.
Spain, in contrast, has a rich history influenced by various civilizations. You’ll be fascinated by stories of Moorish sultans, Christian monarchs, and great explorers. Spanish culture pulsates with passionate flamenco dances and the rhythm of the siesta lifestyle.
Both countries are proud of their artistic legacies. France is the birthplace of Impressionism, while Spain gave the world the unique surrealism of Salvador Dali.
Yet, they’re different in the way they embrace modernity. France, ever the trendsetter, seamlessly blends tradition with contemporary elements. Spain, while also modern, has a stronger attachment to its age-old traditions.
In summary, your choice depends on what resonates with you. If you appreciate elegance and avant-garde ideas, France might captivate your heart. But if you’re drawn to passionate traditions and historical diversity, Spain could be your perfect match.
Attractions & Activities
Now let’s move on to the exciting part – attractions and activities! Both France and Spain are brimming with them. However, they offer a different mix of experiences.
France’s attractions are a blend of iconic landmarks and breathtaking landscapes. You’ll feel like you’re in a dream while strolling down the elegant boulevards of Paris or hiking in the verdant Loire Valley. On the other hand, activities in France often center around cultural immersion, such as attending a French cooking class or visiting a centuries-old vineyard.
Spain, meanwhile, offers attractions that are a fusion of historical and natural wonders. You might find yourself marveling at the grandeur of the Alhambra in Granada or hiking through the dramatic landscapes of the Pyrenees. Spanish activities often incorporate their vibrant lifestyle, like joining a lively street fiesta or taking a calming afternoon siesta.
Both countries offer opportunities for outdoor activities. In France, you might enjoy cycling through the rolling hills of Provence. In Spain, hiking in the beautiful national parks could be your thing.
In conclusion, both countries offer a variety of attractions and activities. If you enjoy cultural experiences and iconic landmarks, France could be your destination. If you prefer a mix of historical sites and lively traditions, Spain might be the one for you.
Get ready to feel the sand between your toes as you explore the beaches of France and Spain. Let’s dive in!
France’s beaches are a mix of glamorous hotspots and serene hideaways. The French Riviera, or Côte d’Azur, offers sandy stretches like Pampelonne Beach, a stunning 5-kilometer (3-mile) expanse. Or you might prefer the tranquil beauty of the beaches in Normandy.
Spain, on the other hand, is known for its sun-soaked coastlines. Costa del Sol boasts some of the most popular beaches. You can bask in the sun on a 24-kilometer (15-mile) sandy stretch in Marbella. Or, you might opt for the exotic black sand beaches of the Canary Islands.
Both countries have their unique beach experiences. France’s beaches often exude elegance, perfect for a luxury getaway. Spain’s beaches, meanwhile, are often lively and family-friendly, with plenty of watersports activities.
So, if your ideal beach day involves sophistication and glamour, France’s beaches might be your cup of tea. But if you’re after fun-filled days under the sun, Spain’s beaches could be the perfect fit for you.
Eating, Drinking & Nightlife
Next on the list is exploring the culinary delights and vibrant nightlife of France and Spain. Let’s whet your appetite!
When it comes to food, France is the epitome of culinary finesse. You’ll relish their delicate pastries, creamy cheeses, and exquisite dishes like coq au vin. Dining in France is about savoring each bite and the atmosphere.
Spain’s culinary scene is a festive explosion of flavors. You’ll love their tapas culture, where small dishes are shared among friends. Don’t miss out on trying the traditional paella, a saffron-infused rice dish full of seafood.
Now, let’s raise a glass. France is synonymous with wine. You’ll enjoy sipping on a glass of Bordeaux or Champagne. Spain, on the other hand, is the land of sangria and the world’s top producer of Rioja wine.
As for the nightlife, France offers chic cocktail bars and world-class music festivals. Spain, known for its fiestas, offers pulsating nightclubs and late-night flamenco shows.
In conclusion, if you’re a foodie who enjoys refined cuisine and a sophisticated night scene, France might be the place for you. But, if you’re drawn to vibrant flavors, festive drinks, and lively nightlife, Spain could be your next destination.
Ready to shop till you drop? Let’s take a peek at the shopping experiences in France and Spain.
In France, you’ll find a mix of high-fashion and unique boutiques. Paris, known as the fashion capital, is home to luxury brands like Chanel and Dior. The city’s flea markets, like Marché aux Puces de Saint-Ouen, offer unique treasures.
Spain offers a blend of high-street fashion and traditional products. Madrid’s Gran Vía is a shopping paradise, with international and local brands. Local markets, like El Rastro, sell everything from clothes to antiques.
Beyond fashion, France is famous for its perfumeries and gourmet food shops. You’ll love selecting a signature scent in Grasse or picking up macarons in a Parisian patisserie.
Spain, on the other hand, is a haven for lovers of art and craft. You’ll find beautiful ceramics in Valencia and intricate lacework in Almagro.
In summary, if you’re after high fashion and unique culinary delights, France might just be your shopping dream. But if you’re looking for a blend of trendy fashion and traditional crafts, Spain could be your shopping paradise.
Now, let’s delve into the accommodation options in France and Spain.
France offers a range of accommodations, from luxury hotels to charming chateaus. In Paris, you can stay in iconic hotels like The Ritz. Or, for a more unique experience, rent a quaint cottage in the French countryside.
Spain also has diverse accommodations. From modern hotels in Barcelona to rustic fincas (country estates) in Mallorca, there’s something for every traveler.
French accommodations often emphasize luxury and charm. It’s about the finer things in life. Spanish accommodations, however, tend to be more about comfort and authenticity.
So, if you’re looking for luxury and charm, France might be your ideal destination. But, if you value comfort and a taste of local life, Spain might be your perfect match.
Family-Friendliness & Children’s Activities
Planning a family trip and can’t decide between France or Spain? Let’s dive into what each country offers for families and kids.
France is filled with family-friendly attractions. Think of Disneyland Paris or the Cité des Sciences et de l’Industrie, the biggest science museum in Europe. These could keep your little ones entertained for days.
Spain, too, doesn’t fall short on fun for kids. Places like PortAventura Park near Barcelona or the Madrid Zoo Aquarium are great spots for a family day out.
When it comes to children’s activities, France offers unique experiences like puppet shows in Parc de la Villette in Paris. Plus, who can resist a ride on the charming old-fashioned carousels found in many French cities?
In Spain, on the other hand, kids can enjoy activities like building sandcastles on the Costa del Sol beaches or learning about marine life at L’Oceanogràfic in Valencia.
To sum it up, both countries provide an array of family-friendly attractions and activities. If you’re leaning towards enchanting amusement parks and interactive museums, France might be the better fit. But, if outdoor activities and beach fun sound more appealing, Spain could be your family’s dream destination.
Getting There & Getting Around
So, how easy is it to reach and explore France and Spain? Let’s find out.
From the U.S., flights to both countries are fairly straightforward, with many direct options to major cities like Paris and Madrid. The average flight time to Paris is about 8 hours (4800 miles/7725 kilometers), and to Madrid about 7.5 hours (4000 miles/6437 kilometers).
Once in France, you can take advantage of the efficient train system. The TGV high-speed train can zip you from Paris to Marseille in about 3 hours (536 miles/863 kilometers). Also, the Metro in Paris is a convenient way to get around the city.
In Spain, you also have good train services, like the AVE high-speed train that connects Madrid to Barcelona in about 2.5 hours (385 miles/620 kilometers). Buses and metros in Spanish cities are quite reliable too.
In a nutshell, both France and Spain have well-connected transport networks that make traveling to and within the country pretty straightforward. Whether you choose the romantic streets of France or the vibrant landscapes of Spain, you’ll find navigating through either country a breeze.
When planning your trip, considering the weather in France and Spain is key. Let’s dive into the climate differences.
France experiences a variety of climates. In Paris, summer highs can reach 77°F (25°C), while winters often drop to around 38°F (3°C). The south, near Marseille, is warmer and sunnier, ideal for summer beach visits.
In Spain, the weather varies too. Madrid can get scorching hot in summer with highs of 95°F (35°C), but cool to 41°F (5°C) in winter. Coastal areas like Barcelona enjoy milder, more consistent temperatures.
In conclusion, both countries have diverse climates, but generally, Spain is hotter and sunnier. If you enjoy warm, sunny weather, Spain might be the choice. But if you prefer milder climates, then France could be your go-to.
Safety is an essential aspect when choosing your holiday destination. How do France and Spain compare?
In general, both countries are safe to visit. Petty crimes like pickpocketing are common in crowded tourist areas in both Paris and Barcelona. So always watch your belongings.
In Spain, be aware of siesta time in smaller towns. Many shops close in the afternoon, which can be surprising if you’re not used to it.
In summary, France and Spain are generally safe, but you need to be aware of petty crime and local customs. With a little preparation, you can enjoy a stress-free holiday in either country.
When planning a trip, cost plays a major role. Let’s compare what you might spend in France and Spain.
In France, you might spend about 80 Euros (around $90) per day on meals, transportation, and attractions. Accommodation might cost you another 100 Euros (approximately $112) for a mid-range hotel.
Spain, on the other hand, is generally more affordable. Daily expenses may be around 60 Euros ($67) and a similar standard hotel might cost about 70 Euros ($78) per night.
But remember, costs can vary. In both countries, cities like Paris and Madrid are more expensive than smaller towns and rural areas.
In conclusion, Spain is generally cheaper than France. But with some careful planning, both can be affordable options for your holiday.
Which Is Better – France or Spain?
Choosing between France and Spain can be tough, as both countries offer rich history, diverse attractions, stunning beaches, vibrant nightlife, and delicious food.
If you’re a history buff or a lover of culture, you might lean towards France. Its diverse climates and safety measures make it an appealing destination for any traveler.
Spain, on the other hand, might be your pick if you’re into warmer climates and a more relaxed pace of life. It’s also the more cost-effective option, especially if budget is a big factor for you.
For families, both countries offer a range of activities. Consider what interests your children most, whether it’s exploring grand palaces in France or taking part in traditional Spanish fiestas.
When it comes to getting around, Spain and France have efficient public transport systems. In terms of weather, Spain generally has more consistent, sunnier conditions. But if you prefer a mix of climates, France provides this in abundance.
Safety-wise, both countries are generally safe for tourists. But as with any travel, being aware and taking precautions is always recommended.
In the end, the choice between France and Spain comes down to your personal preferences and interests. Both countries offer unique experiences that are sure to make your trip memorable.
Both France and Spain will provide an unforgettable holiday, but they're also very different destinations. While France has a great coastline, if your priority is sun, sea, and sand, then Spain may be a better choice than France. Spain's beaches are stunning and the water is warm for swimming.Which is better to visit Spain or France? ›
Both France and Spain are popular travel destinations in Western Europe. In general, Spain is a more affordable place to visit than France, with accommodation, food, and entertainment prices all costing significantly less. Each country has a lot to offer visitors with its own unique culture, cuisine, and atmosphere.Is it cheaper to fly to Spain or France? ›
In terms of a cost-effective holiday, Spain is the cheaper of the two countries. France vs. Spain: Which Is Best To Travel?Why is Spain the best country for vacation? ›
Spain is not only about beaches and cities; it also offers stunning and diverse scenery that ranges from mountains and volcanoes to deserts and wetlands. Explore the majestic Pyrenees in the north, which offer some of the best skiing and hiking opportunities in Europe.Which is better to visit Spain or Italy? ›
All in all, if you're travelling on a tight budget and want to get the most out of the destination you are visiting, then Spain might be the better option for you. Even in the major tourist destinations, it is a bit easier to stick to a tight budget in Spain than it is in major Italian tourist hot spots.Should I take French or Spanish? ›
If you live in the United States or plan to travel throughout Latin America, Spanish is probably going to be much more useful to you. However, if you're in Canada, or planning to travel or do business there, knowing French is going to be more helpful — it's an official language of the country, after all.How many days is best to spend in Spain? ›
With a week to eight days, you'll have more time to explore less touristic Spain locales. Seven to eight days is enough time to take a road trip to lesser-visited regions in Spain, like Galicia.Should I go to Portugal or Spain? ›
Both Portugal and Spain have long, storied histories and robust cultures that'll charm you when you visit. If you're interested in seeing more famous artworks and experiencing the more influential culture, Spain probably edges Portugal out by virtue of its size. But remember that Portugal is no second fiddle.Can I take a train from Spain to France? ›
The France-Spain high speed train network is the fastest and easiest way to travel internationally between Spain and France by rail. Enjoy scenic highlights including the Alps and the Pyrenees Mountains on a network with connections to cities like Paris, Marseilles, Lyon, Toulouse, Madrid, Barcelona and more.How far is Barcelona to France by train? ›
It takes an average of 11h 1m to travel from Barcelona to Paris by train, over a distance of around 516 miles (831 km). There are normally 4 trains per day traveling from Barcelona to Paris and tickets for this journey start from $44.78 when you book in advance.
Unlike people in other Western Europe countries who can be a bit colder, people in Spain are very welcoming and friendly with tourists. If you feel like asking something, you can just stop someone in the street and ask them. In bigger cities, most people know English, so it will be very easy for you to communicate.Is Spain worth going to? ›
Spain really does have it all, from incredible landscapes and beaches, to world-famous cuisine and rich history – not to mention fantastic museums and striking architecture. Here are just a few reasons why you should visit at least once in your lifetime.Why is Spain popular for tourists? ›
Every year, thousands of tourists choose to travel to Spain to discover the authentic local culture of the country. Spaniards have a very relaxed and pleasant lifestyle. Especially in the coastal parts of Spain, life is more colorful. This is why the seaside resorts are known as the best holiday cities in Spain.What month is best to go to Spain? ›
Typically speaking, Spring (March to May) or Fall (September to November) are considered to be the best times to visit Spain.Is Madrid or Barcelona better for tourists? ›
So which one should I go to? Well, it depends on what you're looking for. If it's traditional culture, Madrid can offer classy museums and easy day trips to historic cities, but if it's a more laidback, perhaps beachy break then it has to be Barcelona.Are the beaches better in Spain or Italy? ›
Beaches. Spain may have fewer miles of coastline than Italy, but it certainly wins when it comes to the best beaches. Not only does it have more Blue Flag beaches than any other European country, but, unlike Italy, all of these beaches are public property.Who is more romantic French or Spanish? ›
French is often considered to be the most romantic language in the world. It is another Romance language that originated from Latin.Which is more difficult Spanish or French? ›
Spanish may be easier to learn at first , but the vowels, past tense rules, and conjugation can make it more challenging as you progress in your learning journey. On the other hand, once you get the basics of French down, like consonants and accent, it may be just as easy as Spanish to you.Is French or Spanish more useful in Europe? ›
If you're visiting more countries, French is more useful in Europe. Especially if France and Switzerland are on your travel list. If you only want to visit Spain, learn Spanish. Overall, you'll use more French in Europe than Spanish language.How many days should I spend in France? ›
Planning Your Trip to France
For a holiday in France that covers multiple areas and highlights, most travelers should plan on spending around 10 days. This gives you enough time to explore a few different regions by train, plane, or road trip at a relaxed pace.
🌞 Summer (June – September)
The summer season from June to September is the most popular time to visit Spain. Spain is a relatively sunny country in general, but there is near-constant nice weather in the summer particularly. Summer has an average temperature of around 86 degrees Fahrenheit.
And while Spain has an excellent road network, the train is a better option if you plan to travel across the country. This is particularly the case for an itinerary including Barcelona, Madrid and Seville. Rail coverage. Fortunately, train travel in Spain is extremely easy, comfortable and safe.Which is friendlier Spain or Portugal? ›
The people, in general, were much more friendly and open than in Spain. No one attempted to pickpocket me, and I was constantly striking up a conversation with locals. Every local I met speaks (nearly) perfect English as well! Portugal definitely feels safer and friendlier than Spain!Should I go to Madrid or Portugal? ›
Madrid is the more popular tourist destination but Lisbon has many varied sights and activities. Lisbon offers stunning beaches only a short train ride away while Madrid's nightlife is unbeatable. This guide will provide a comparison of both cities and help you decide between Lisbon or Madrid for a short break holiday.Is Lisbon or Madrid better to visit? ›
Madrid excels as a long-stay destination, and if you can work here, the city offers the perfect work/life balance. Lisbon has a wide appeal; there are cultural sights, a buzzing nightlife and a blossoming artisan scene. The city will appeal to young or old, either for a cultural trip or as a fun weekend away.What city in Spain is closest to France? ›
It begins in the west on the Bay of Biscay at the French city of Hendaye and the Spanish city of Irun (43°22′32″N 01°47′31″W). The border continues eastward along the Pyrenees to Andorra ( 42°36′13″N 1°26′30″E).Is there a ferry from France to Spain? ›
FRANCE to SPAIN ferries
The routes connecting France and Spain are operated by the sailing company Corsica Sardinia Ferries who provide availability for 4 sailings per week with primarily morning departures and crossing times shorter than 18 hours.
IS THE TRAIN TRIP FROM BARCELONA TO PARIS SCENIC? Barcelona to Paris rail route goes through some really picturesque areas of both countries. Before you reach the capital of France, you get to enjoy countless beautiful sceneries of the Mediterranean coastline and even see the breathtaking Alps!How many days in Barcelona is enough? ›
How Many Days In Barcelona? At the absolute minimum, you should plan on spending 2 days in Barcelona, in order to visit all the major sites, eat delicious food, and perhaps spend a night out on the town, but if you want to truly experience everything the city has to offer, 3 days in Barcelona is ideal.Is it better to fly or take the train from Barcelona to Paris? ›
Taking a flight is the most popular way to travel from Paris to Barcelona. Taking a flight is at least 2 hours faster than traveling from Paris to Barcelona by train while also being €50 cheaper on average. Taking a flight is also 8 and a half hours faster than traveling from Paris to Barcelona by bus.
A trip to the French capital is likely to be an excellent experience. First-time travelers should try and plan around 4-5 days—ample time to enjoy some classic Parisian highlights and visit a few of the 20 arrondissements (neighborhoods).Can you speak English in Spain? ›
The short answer is yes, people do speak English in Spain. However, the English proficiency level, the number of people speaking in English, or the areas where you'll hear English on the streets are limited.Can US citizens travel to Spain? ›
Do US Citizens Need A Visa For Spain? No, fortunately, US citizens do not need a Spain Visa to travel to Spain from the USA, nor do they need a visa to visit any Schengen country. But there are certain Spain entry requirements and documents you will need to present as a US citizen.Is Spain friendly with the US? ›
The United States established diplomatic relations with Spain in 1783. Spain and the United States are close allies and have excellent relations based on shared democratic values, including the promotion of democracy and human rights.
- Barcelona: the place to visit in Spain if you want a bit of everything. ...
- Madrid: the place to visit for cultural immersion. ...
- San Sebastián: the best place to visit in Spain for first-time foodies. ...
- Seville: flamenco, music & more.
Barcelona is easily one of the most beautiful cities in Spain and in the world, really. It also makes a great starting point for a Spanish road trip along the Costa Brava.
To stretch your travel budget, Spain is typically slightly more affordable than Italy, even in expensive cities like Madrid. But Italy can also be a very affordable vacation destination.Who visits Spain the most? ›
In addition, the leading country sending most tourists to Spain is the United Kingdom, with 828,680 visitors, representing 19.1 per cent of all tourists coming to Spain. The UK is followed by France and Germany with the most tourists visiting Spain with 585,567 tourists and 529,562 respectively.Why you should go to France? ›
France Is Home To The Paris
With famous landmarks like Eiffel Tower, Pantheon, remarkable museums like Louvre, Musee d'Orsay, cutest cafés like Laudree, sophisticated streets like Champs Elysees, and theme parks like Disneyland, you cannot deny its alluring beauty in any situation.
According to Hotels.com, the cheapest time to visit Spain is usually from December to March, which also happens to coincide with both its coldest months and its thinnest tourism season.
The hurricane season usually lasts from early June to late November. The most severe hurricane to make landfall in Spain in the past 12 months was »Danielle«. It reached a wind speed of up to 65 km/h on September 13, 2022 at 8:00 am local time near Fisterra and was 37 kilometers in diameter at the time.Do I need a visa to go to Spain? ›
Short stay in Spain without a visa
Perhaps you need to travel to Spain for a short period of time. Short-stay trips are those that last less than 3 months, which means that you are allowed to stay in the country without the need to apply for a residence permit.
The answer to this question can vary depending on the time of year and the airline you choose, but generally speaking, flights to Madrid tend to be slightly cheaper than flights to Barcelona. Both cities are amazing destinations, with Madrid offering a rich history, world-class museums and incredible nightlife.Do you need more days in Barcelona or Madrid? ›
If you have only a brief time in the city, you cannot fail to be impressed by Barcelona. But take a little more time and Madrid's charms become apparent. Cheaper, with more variety, better food, and generally more to do than Barcelona, Madrid gets the top prize for a longer trip.Should I visit both Madrid and Barcelona? ›
Madrid or Barcelona? These cities have different character and attractions, and we generally recommend spending time in both places on a moderately-paced trip. But for travelers with less time to spend, Spain's two top cities provide a tough choice.Which is prettier Italy or Spain? ›
With cities like that, if you're looking for an iconic culture-filled city holiday, Italy is hard to beat. The dramatic scenery in Italy, from the Dolomites mountain range to the islands of Sardinia and Scilly, and the beautiful lake district in the north, means Italy is arguably more beautiful than Spain.What month is best for beaches in Spain? ›
The best time to visit Spain is from May through September. This is when the beaches are ideal for swimming and the weather is warm for enjoying all sorts of other activities too. Arriving during the early or later part of that time frame can mean fewer crowds and temperatures that aren't sizzling hot.Is Spain the most beautiful country in Europe? ›
Spain. With Mediterranean beaches, beautifully wild, mountainous interiors, World Heritage cities and volcanic islands, Spain offers a beguiling mix to travelers and is, without doubt, one of the most beautiful European countries.How much cheaper is Spain than France? ›
The cost of living is another major area in which Spain and France diverge, with life in Spain appearing to be quite a bit cheaper than in France, according to Numbeo. Consumer prices average around 30% higher in France, with some areas (such as an average grocery shop) costing around 50% less in Spain.What is the difference between Spain and France? ›
The main cultural difference between Spain and France is probably the character of the countries' inhabitants. Spaniards are generally more spontaneous and friendly. The French, especially at the beginning, tend to be more serious and cautious.
- France – 89.4 million visitors. ...
- Spain – 82.7 million visitors. ...
- Italy – 62.1 million visitors. ...
- Turkey – 45.7 million visitors. ...
- Germany – 38.8 million visitors. ...
- United Kingdom – 36.3 million visitors. ...
- Austria – 30.8 million visitors. ...
- Greece – 30.1 million visitors.
Sweden ranks No. 1 overall, according to regional perceptions in Europe.What is the most beautiful country to visit? ›
- New Zealand. #1 in Scenic. #11 in Best Countries Overall. ...
- Greece. #2 in Scenic. #25 in Best Countries Overall. ...
- Italy. #3 in Scenic. #14 in Best Countries Overall. ...
- Switzerland. #4 in Scenic. #1 in Best Countries Overall. ...
- Spain. #5 in Scenic. #16 in Best Countries Overall. ...
- Norway. #6 in Scenic. ...
- Australia. #7 in Scenic. ...
- Ireland. #8 in Scenic.
|Food in Spain is 22% cheaper than in France|
|Clothes in Spain is 11% cheaper than in France|
The USA's national index is 71.05 while the French national index is 74.14. Therefore, the cost of living is 4% higher in France than it is in the USA.Is Italy or France cheaper for tourists? ›
France is a larger country with a lot of interesting places to visit. If you don't have time to explore the whole country, then many visitors spend a lot of time in Paris and the surrounding areas. In general, Italy is slightly more affordable than France, but the difference is not too significant.Why choose French over Spanish? ›
After all, learning a language you love is the best way to remain motivated and achieve a higher language competency level. Compared to Spanish in general terms, French has a higher appeal, known as the language of love and class. There are many books in history, architecture, and arts that are written only in French.Which is stronger France or Spain? ›
Citizens from both nations agree that France is better on most fronts - they have a stronger economic system, a better democracy, more developed scientific and technological industries, and more power and influence on the global stage.What makes French different from Spanish? ›
Overall, French grammar is slightly easier than Spanish grammar for two reasons: A few common grammar concepts are simplified in French, like the past (“preterite”) tense (French just uses the perfect tense), and the past subjunctive (French usually uses the imperfect past tense)